Kreeft’s Moral Absolutes

Are there any moral absolutes?

From a Catholic standpoint, yes, there are moral absolutes.  Three examples are Beneficence (doing good), Nonmaleficence (not doing bad), and Respect for Autonomy (everyone should be treated and respected as an individual).

Can one be moral without God?

Man cannot be moral without God.  God created natural law, which serve as a basis for our thoughts.  At times, we may not be able to verbalize why we feel something is wrong, but there is probably a natural law behind that gut feeling.  God is good.  Without God, we cannot be good.  The same goes for morality.  People may disagree on a specific ethical or moral question, but there is an underlying ethical or moral law, which God has already instituted that can be used to answer the question.

In chapter 8, Kreeft sets up four premises against legalized abortion

The four premises are religious, ethical, scientific, and legal.  Abortion is wrong on religious grounds because it kills.  Abortion is wrong on ethical grounds because killing is unethical.  Abortion is wrong on scientific grounds because the fetus is a human being, which the act kills.  Legally, the law is supposed to protect human rights, so abortion should not be legal (it kills humans).

Kreeft discusses the values of “truth” and communication. He looks at 4 truth-crucial areas.

One big area is images.   Things like watching TV and movies is replacing books.  This cuts into our creativity and requires far less brain power, which hurts us in the end.  Our choices are supposed to be made by logical reasoning, which cannot take place without brain power.  Another big area is music.  Music has power on the human soul.  Music has changed for the worse; it’s not all evil, it is moving toward evil (some music).  The problem is that music is part of life.  If we actually believe what some songs say, like rap for example, that’s not good for us.